An overview of the apollo 13 moon landing mission failure

A summary is then given of the lives of several other people: To keep the LM life-support and communication systems operational until re-entry, the LM was powered down to the lowest levels possible. An anomaly occurred when the second-stage, center inboard engine shut down about two minutes early.

Ken Mattingly orbited the moon as command module pilot of Apollo 16, and flew the Space Shuttle having never gotten the measles. Two minutes later, the astronauts heard a "pretty large bang", accompanied by fluctuations in electrical power and the firing of the attitude control thrusters; [8] the crew initially thought that a meteoroid might have struck the Lunar Module.

Fred Haise was scheduled to be on Apollo 18, but due to budget cuts, his mission never came. It included a copy of established NASA procedures for alleviating high pressure in a cryogenic oxygen tank, to include: The third is the Saturn IB which was used for preparatory unmanned missions and Apollo 7.

The fuel cell oxygen supply valves were redesigned to isolate the Teflon-coated wiring from the oxygen. The board confirmed by testing that the thermostats welded themselves closed under the higher voltage.

On the spacecraft, the crew get into a short argument when Jack brings up a distant re-entry factor and Fred suggests that Jack had caused the accident when he stirred the oxygen tanks. To solve the problem, Grumman called on the engineering expertise of the University of Toronto.

Brian Duff Public Affairs Officer. That fateful night, a spark from an exposed wire in the oxygen tank caused a fireripping apart one oxygen tank and damaging another inside the spacecraft.

List of Apollo missions

Spacecraft systems performance was nominal until the fans in cryogenic oxygen tank 2 were turned on at Each oxygen tank held several hundred pounds of oxygen, which was used for breathable air and the production of electricity and water.

This was done to get an earlier look at the pressure reading of the supercritical helium SHe tank in the LM descent stage, which had been suspect since before launch. The requirement for lithium hydroxide to remove carbon dioxide from the spacecraft atmosphere was met by a combination of the CM and LM cartridges since the LM cartridges alone would not satisfy the total requirement.

Houston flight controllers asked Swigert to turn on the hydrogen and oxygen tank stirring fans in the Service Module, which were designed to destratify the cryogenic contents and increase the accuracy of their quantity readings.

Mission Control led by Gene Kranz Ed Harris springs into action, attempting to work the problem from the ground.

Apollo 13 (AS-508)

After the abort decision, the helium pressure continued to rise and Mission Control predicted the time that the burst disc would rupture. A chart recorder on the heater current showed that the heater was not cycling on and off, as it should have been if the thermostat was functioning correctly, but no one noticed it at the time.

Gene Kranz is smoking a celebratory cigar at the right while Deke Slayton, in front of the mission patch, shakes hands. When the thermostat opened, the volt supply fused its contacts closed and the heater remained powered. Haise was in the same astronaut class as Swigert and had previously been a backup crew member on Apollo 8 and Meanwhile, Marilyn Lovell attempts to keep herself together and be strong for her family.

He orders the simulator team to give him the same conditions and equipment that the Odyssey crew has and begins to work long hours without any breaks to figure out a procedure. Even so, he hopes that one day, NASA will return to the moon. The LM was jettisoned about 1 hour before entry, which was performed nominally using primary guidance and navigation system.

However, this move comes at a price: Eleven photographs of Earth were taken at precisely recorded times, to study the feasibility of using geosynchronous satellites to study cloud height.Mission Overview.

Mission Plan. Apollo 13 was the thirteenth in a series of missions using Apollo-specification flight hardware and was to be the third lunar landing. Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and the third intended to land on the Moon.

The craft was launched on April 11,at EST ( UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, crippling the Service Module (SM) upon which.

Apollo 13 was supposed to land in the Fra Mauro area. An explosion on board forced Apollo 13 to circle the moon without landing. The Fra Mauro site was reassigned to Apollo Apollo 13 Mission Overview. Apollo 13 (Odyssey and Aquarius) Saturn V AprilJames A.

Lovell, Jr. John L. Swigert, Jr. Fred W. Haise, Jr. 05 days, 22 hours, 54 minutes Third lunar landing attempt. Mission aborted after rupture of service module oxygen tank. Classed as "successful failure" because of experience in rescuing crew. Apollo 13, the third planned Lunar-landing mission, was scheduled for launch on April 11, There were problems even before the launch.

Mission Objective: Apollo 13 was supposed to land in the Fra Mauro area. An explosion on board forced Apollo 13 to circle the moon without landing. The Fra Mauro site was reassigned to Apollo Launch: Saturday, April 11, at CST. At five and a half minutes after liftoff, Swigert, Haise, and Lovell felt a little vibration.

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An overview of the apollo 13 moon landing mission failure
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