The Louvre was originally intended to be built upon and expanded as a royal residence, but it was given over to the arts and to the public after court relocated to Versailles. His minister of the Navy and household of the King, the Conte de Maurepas, was in office the entire period.
Decline[ change change source ] By the middle of the s the Sun King was losing much of his shine.
This allowed them to take on official roles and serve the monarchy when necessary. Louis XIV believed in propaganda and hired many artist to paint several different works of him. His state established or developed in rapid succession academies for painting and sculptureinscriptionsFrench artists at Romeand sciencefollowed by the Paris Observatory and the academies of architecture and music In light of these wars, the growing size and might of the How successful was louis xiv in army and other rising political tensions in Europe, many countries stopped being allies with France during this time.
The outcome of the war would transfer European hegemony from the Habsburgs to the Bourbons. The following year marked a turning point in the life and reign of Louis XIV.
Without courtship or ceremony he made her his mistress and raised her to the rank of Duchess. The king energetically devoted himself to building new residences.
Reform proved difficult because the taille was levied by officers of the Crown who had purchased their post at a high price: Louis now devised a new plan of conquest.
The Treaty was quickly negotiated and signed by all the parties in September and October His heirthe last son of the duke de Bourgogne, was a five-year-old child who was not expected to live. He was wheeled to the throne room or carried to his carriage. As controller general of finances, Colbert sharply reduced the annual treasury deficit by economies and more equitable, efficient taxation, although tax exemptions for the nobility, clergy, and some members of the bourgeoisie continued.
It was mostly funded by the government, and was one of the earliest banks to issue paper money, which he promised could be exchanged for gold. In SeptemberLouis sent French troops into the Palatinate, hoping to disrupt his enemies who had formed the League of Augsburg against him.
This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne. Austria, however, adamantly rejected their proposal for a partition of Spanish holdings.
In order to save on court expenses, he sent the youngest four daughters of the king to be educated at the Abbey of Fontevrault. The Parlement found him guilty and sentenced him to exile.
Although it sanctioned slavery, it attempted to humanise the practice by prohibiting the separation of families. For the League, this was a war with no palpable objectives except to reduce French power.
The first measure was an issue of bonds, paying five percent interest, to pay off the 36 million livres of debt caused by the cost of the war. Furthermore, they believed their traditional influence and authority was being usurped by the recently ennobled bureaucrats the Noblesse de Robe, or "nobility of the robe"who administered the kingdom and on whom the monarchy increasingly began to rely.
Marriage and children[ edit ] One of the first priorities of the Duke of Bourbon was to find a bride for the King, to assure the continuity of the monarchy, and especially to prevent the succession to the throne of the Orleans branch of the family, the rivals of his branch.
He was unable to get over the many tragedies that had been suffered, both personally and by the country he ruled.Oct 12, · By the early s, Louis XIV had greatly augmented his and France's influence and power in Europe and the world.
Louis XIV's famous minister, Colbert, who died inexercised a tremendous influence on the royal treasury and coffers, with royal revenue tripling under his supervision.Status: Resolved. Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September – 1 September ), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (Roi Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from until his death in Louis XIV, France's Sun King, had the longest reign in European history ().
During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars. Louis was a major patron of architecture; he spent more money on buildings over the course of his reign than Louis XIV.
His major architectural projects were the work of his favorite court architect, Ange-Jacques Gabriel.
In Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes, a harsh if logical resolution of the question. It was what his Catholic subjects expected of him, but it proved damaging to the economy and to France’s reputation. The Most Successful Absolute Monarch in Europe was Louis XIV of France Words 7 Pages Of all the absolute rulers in Europe, by far the best example of one, and the most powerful, was Louis XIV of France.Download