The purpose of the background, as the word itself indicates, is to provide the reader with a background to the study, and hence to smoothly lead into a description of the methods employed in the investigation. But I suspect I might have been trying to be too clever.
Keep working at this step until you have a single, concise and understandable question. For those of you who got this far and are still insisting on writing an essay rather than signing up for a PhD, this sentence is really an elaboration of sentence 4 — explore the consequences of your new perspective.
Table 4 Open in a separate window Results The results section is the most important part of the abstract and nothing should compromise its range and quality. Here you have to boil that down to one sentence.
How to Write an Abstract The first sentence of an abstract should clearly introduce the topic of the paper so that readers can relate it to other work they are familiar with. Only a reader with a very specific interest in the subject of the paper, and a need to understand it thoroughly, will read the entire paper.
To solve this problem, we describe a technique that structures the entire abstract around a set of six sentences, each of which has a specific role, so that by the end of the first four sentences you have introduced the idea fully.
Earlier articles offered suggestions on how to write a good case report,[ 1 ] and how to read, write, or review a paper on randomized controlled trials. Phrase it in a way that your reader will understand.
The abstract is the only part of the paper that a potential referee sees when he is invited by an editor to review a manuscript. Finally, most readers will acknowledge, with a chuckle, that when they leaf through the hard copy of a journal, they look at only the titles of the contained papers.
Readers have only to flip through the pages of a randomly selected journal to realize how common such carelessness is. This technique is helpful because it clarifies your thinking and leads to a final sentence that summarizes why your research matters.
In one sentence, how did you go about doing the research that follows from your big idea. Table 2 Open in a separate window Methods The methods section is usually the second-longest section in the abstract.
These are listed in Table 1. Some authors publish papers the abstracts of which contain a lengthy background section. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.
Background This section should be the shortest part of the abstract and should very briefly outline the following information: A wide variety of acceptably composed backgrounds is provided in Table 2 ; most of these have been adapted from actual papers.
So I should offer a little more constructive help for anyone still puzzling what the above really means. This is because readers who peruse an abstract do so to learn about the findings of the study.
Thus, for the vast majority of readers, the paper does not exist beyond its abstract.
The six sentences are: Although the primary target of this paper is the young researcher, it is likely that authors with all levels of experience will find at least a few ideas that may be useful in their future efforts. State the problem you tackle.
The usual sections defined in a structured abstract are the Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions; other headings with similar meanings may be used eg, Introduction in place of Background or Findings in place of Results.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Build a piece of software? The abstract of a paper is the only part of the paper that is published in conference proceedings. What can they do with your research. If a title interests them, they glance through the abstract of that paper.
Again, in one sentence. Same advice works for scientific papers — the readers are the peer reviewers, and eventually others in your field interested in your research, so again they know the background work, but want to know specifically what topic your paper covers.
In the rest of this paper, issues related to the contents of each section will be examined in turn. Again for a more general essay, you might want to adapt this slightly:Social Science Abstracts “Subtype of Autism: Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia” Amanda Babin and Morton Gernbascher (Mentor), Psychology.
The purpose of this research is to identify a subtype of autism called Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD). DVD is a motor-speech problem, disabling oral-motor movements needed for speaking. Here’s the abstract for a paper (that I haven’t written) on how to write an abstract: How to Write an Abstract.
The first sentence of an abstract should clearly introduce the topic of the paper so that readers can relate it to other work they are familiar with. An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of.
An abstract of a scientific research paper will contain elements not found in an abstract of a literature article, and vice versa. However, all abstracts share several mandatory components, and there are also some optional parts that you can decide to include or not.
Abstracts of scientific papers are sometimes poorly written, often lack important information, and occasionally convey a biased picture. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract.Download