Phobic disorders

What Are Phobic Disorders?

The treatment uses exploration with the goal of understanding the underlying conflict. Therapy[ edit ] Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT can be beneficial by allowing the patient to challenge dysfunctional thoughts or beliefs by being mindful of their own feelings, with the aim that the patient will realize that Phobic disorders or her fear is irrational.

It is theorized that social anxiety disorder represents an interaction between biologic and genetic factors and environmental events. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear.

This is a fear of dogs. Phobias have different symptoms from serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. At least three fourths of patients with agoraphobia experience panic disorder as well. Age, socioeconomic status, and gender seem to be risk factors only for certain phobias. Anxiety linked to a specific object or situation is the most common feature.

This controlled exposure to the anxiety-provoking stimulus is key to the effectiveness of exposure therapy in the treatment of specific phobias. A child whose parents react with fear and anxiety to Phobic disorders objects or situations is likely to also respond to those objects with fear.

Etiology Neurobiologic and psychological theories, as well as familial patterns, have contributed to understanding the underlying causes of phobic disorders. What Causes Phobic disorders Phobias? These methods include systematic desensitizationprogressive relaxation, virtual realitymodeling, medication and hypnotherapy.

For instance, fearing electrical wire after having heard that touching it causes an electric shock. People with slight distress from their phobias usually do not need prolonged exposure to their fear.

Treatment for specific phobias may include one or a combination of: This program has five stages: In schizophrenia, people have visual and auditory hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, negative symptoms such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms. Progressive muscle relaxation helps patients relax their muscles before and during exposure to the feared object or phenomenon.

Participant modeling, in which the therapist models how the patient should respond to fears, has been proven effective for children and adolescents.

Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia. SSRIs eg, escitalopram, citalopram, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, and sertralineVenlafaxine and reboxetine Some TCAs eg, clomipramine and imipramine Some benzodiazepines eg, alprazolam, lorazepam, diazepam, and clonazepam Mirtazapine Moclobemide Psychotherapeutic interventions that may be helpful for treating phobic disorders include the following: Since serotonin impacts mood, patients may be prescribed an antidepressant.

Also, the fear and anxiety cannot be more correctly characterized as a different mental disorder eg, agoraphobiasocial anxietya stress disorder. It almost always begins as a typical childhood fear.

Specific Phobias

The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object. Further, widespread deactivation of the right frontal cortex, limbic cortex, basal ganglia, and cerebellum, with increased activation detected in the thalamus, followed exposure-based therapy.


A person can have more than one specific phobia. Agents that may be considered for agoraphobia include the following: Specific Phobia Clinically significant anxiety induced by exposure to Phobic disorders specific situation or object, often resulting in avoidance.

A specific phobia to water is called aquaphobia instead. It processes the events associated with fear and is linked to social phobia and other anxiety disorders. This is a phobia of blood or injury. It is recommended that proximity to, and ability to escape from, the stimulus also be considered.

This treatment program can be used with children between the ages of 7 and 13 to treat social phobia. If you have a family member who suffers from a phobic Phobic disorders, you may be more vulnerable to the condition. If patients describe acceleration of their heart rate or shortness of breath when they encounter the feared situation or object, they may be taught to respond with slow, controlled breathing or other methods that promote relaxation.

There are different types of phobias. Severity can range from mild and unobtrusive to severe and can result in incapacity to work, travel, or interact with others. The main difference between participant modeling and systematic desensitization involves observations and modeling; participant modeling encompasses a therapist modeling and observing positive behaviors over the course of gradual exposure to the feared object.

While certain situations or objects, such as flying or snakes, provoke a mild degree of anxiety in many, those with a phobic disorder have an excessive amount of fear and anxiety that is out of proportion to the actual threat.Phobic Disorders is common form of anxiety disorder, having unreasonable fear of certain situations, conditions, or substance.

Phobic Disorders is further divided into three types such as agoraphobia, social phobia (social anxiety disorder) and specific phobias.

Specific phobias commonly focus on animals, insects, germs, heights, thunder, driving, public transportation, flying, dental or medical procedures, and elevators.

Although people with phobias realize that their fear is irrational, even thinking about it. Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities.

It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you. in the DSM-lll. a set of disorders wherein the vital element is a continual, non-sensical fear of and consequent abstinence from particular items, acts, or scenarios.

The fear is known as illogical, but is regardless, so serious that it impedes upon daily operations and is frequently a substantial source of disorders are inclusive of agoraphobia, particular phobias.

The most prevalent anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, panic disorder (with/without agoraphobia), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobic disorders, and separation antety. For most people, specific phobias can be successfully treated with therapy, medication, or a combination of both.

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Can Specific Phobias Be Prevented? Although many specific phobias cannot be prevented, early intervention and treatment following a traumatic experience, such as an animal attack, may prevent the person from developing a.

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Phobic disorders
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