The Self-Strengthening Movement The rude realities of the Taiping movement War, the unequal treaties, and the mid-century mass uprisings caused Qing courtiers and officials to recognize the need to strengthen China.
After the last Taiping rebels were crushed in Nanjing, the victorious Qing general wrote: The libraries of the Buddhist monasteries were destroyed, almost completely in the case of the Yangtze Delta area.
Rural poverty abounded; local officials were wildly corrupt; the Beijing government was so distant as to barely seem to exist. South China had been the last area to yield to the Qing conquerors and the first to be exposed to Western influence.
Manchu traditions like the Banner System 8 Taiping movement preserved, and knowledge of the Manchu language was mandatory. Taiping troops surround Shanghai in January,but with the return of British and French troops from to the city returning from Northern China.
China was pushed into the modern world by force. During June four Tianjin treaties were concluded that provided for, among other measures, the residence of foreign diplomats in Beijing and the freedom of Christian missionaries to evangelize their faith.
Roberts was an American Southern Baptist missionary, who adopted Hung as a special student and encouraged his ideas of rebellion. The Taiping Taiping movement pressed north into Hunan following the Xiang Riverbesieging Changshaoccupying Yuezhouand then capturing Wuchang in December after reaching the Yangtze River.
Chinese people with a grievance against the Qing system enthusiastically joined the new movement. Rather, it erupted due to intersectional fighting between Muslim factions and Han Chinese.
Foreign settlements in the treaty ports became extraterritorial--sovereign pockets of territories over which China had no jurisdiction. Government neglect of public works was in part responsible for this and other disasters, and the Qing administration did little to relieve the widespread misery caused by them.
Another Taiping general, Shi Dakaibegan to fear for his life, and he abandoned Hong, taking with him many of the Taiping followers.
Amorous glances, libidinous songs, and all the common incentives to profligacy, were prohibited and abandoned. Confucianism had a large influence on the Taiping religion.
There was plenty of whipping and Confucius asked for mercy repeatedly. The Qing, under the Jiaqing emperor, recognized the new dynasty as a fait accompli, but a controversy arose as to a name for the new country.
Eventually, however, Britain threw its full support to the Qing, after deciding that the commercial advantage lay with them rather than with the rebel Taiping. Although he agreed that God was the maker of the universe, he never accepted Jesus as a deity, and the entire idea of a Trinity seemed to him to be too similar to Confucian values.
As the promised date neared, the Cantonese demonstrated against British entry. Taiping Rebellion Throughout history, China was plagued by internal revolts and rebellions.
The Taipings as a fighting force were formidable but rather less than coherent. The treaty arrangements made just after the Opium Wars forced China to remove the ban on Christianity, but the Beijing court tried to keep that fact secret and encouraged provincial officials to continue prohibiting the religion.
Population growth had deprived them of a stake in society.
At this time the foreign powers also took over the peripheral states that had acknowledged Chinese suzerainty and given tribute to the emperor. Another drive was directed to the Amur watershed under the initiative of Nikolay Muravyovwho had been appointed governor-general of eastern Siberia in There were rumors to the effect that the Emperor was ready to abandon China entirely but for Yehonala, a favorite concubine with much power.
A filial son begets filial children;, The reward here is truly wonderful. Still others point to the Christian support of the oppressed in their struggle against the official and gentry class.
It was marked by a high level of discipline and fanaticism. They were repulsed, with heavy damage inflicted by the gunfire from the forts. In the Qing government countered this by establishing a presence in the Ili Yili River region. Are its doctrines essentially those of the Christian religion?
Although he found few sympathetic ears in Guangdong Province, he succeeded in gathering believers in the areas around Jintian in what is now Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The foreign ideas and people who now streamed into China without hindrance were strongly resented.
At an early age, Hong showed signs of great intelligence; his entire village sponsored him in his studies, hoping that he would eventually pass the Confucian civil service examination, enter the government bureaucracy, and bring wealth and honour to his family and friends. Long Term Effects of the Rebellion Although a technical failure, the Taiping Rebellion changed the way the Chinese government functioned.
Losing the Opium War was the beginning of the end of the Manchu dynasty. The Library of Congress] Rebelling against the Qing Dynasty and the decadence it spawned, the sect set up an independent, utopian society based on sexual equality and puritanical Christian values.Taiping Rebellion () Throughout history, China was plagued by internal revolts and rebellions.
Often these revolts were movements that gave people hope for a different life and offered an end to their suffering. Their movement is known in English as the Taiping movement (“taiping” meaning “great peace” in Chinese). The rebels swept through southern China and up to the Yangzi River, and then down the Yangzi to Nanjing, where they made their capital.
Stimulated by the military training and techniques exhibited during the Westerners’ cooperation against the Taiping and supported by Prince Gong in Beijing, the Self-Strengthening Movement was launched by the anti-Taiping generals Zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang, and Zuo Zongtang, who sought to consolidate the Qing power by.
Taiping Rebellion. The most destructive civil war in China before the twentieth century.
A Christian-inspired rural rebellion threatened to topple the Qing Empire. Leader claimed to be the brother of Jesus. a liberal reform movement in 19th-century Mexico, led by Benito Juarez. Porfirio Diaz. The Taiping movement also gained strength by spreading their religious and political messages through the printed page.
Borrowing from practices of Christian missionaries, Hong and other Taiping leaders published upward of 44 books and numerous other policy proposals and political and religious tracts. started a movement called the Taiping (“Great Peace”), a sect claiming that it was establishing the correct political order anew.
Hong’s movement—perhaps under the impact of Protestant missions—was quite austere, and it .Download